"Jim Crow" was created in 1828 as a minstrel caricature of a black man by a white man to amuse white audiences. By the 1880s, "Jim Crow" had become synonymous with a complex system of racial laws and customs in the South that supported white social, legal and political domination of blacks. "Jim Crow laws" promoted public segregation. Mixed race children under "Jim Crow" were labeled colored or Negro.